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Articles from Africa
Tuesday, November 20, 2012
    دليل الارشاد المهني لصانعي القرار
By iccdppadm @ 8:15 PM :: 9097 Views :: 1 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Co-ordination and Leadership, OECD, Africa, Middle East, European Commission (EC), Lebanon, Egypt, Algeria, Syria, Jordan, Tunisia, Libya
إن هذا الكتيب عبارة عن إحدى المطبوعات المشتركة بين المفوضية الأوربية والـ OECD. يهدف هذا الكتيب إلى إطلاع صناع السياسات في أي دولة على كيفية اتخاذ قرارات حول أفضل الاستراتيجيات لسياسات التوجيه المهني في بلادهم في قطاعات التعليم والتوظيف والمجتمع.
يقسم الجزء الأساسي من الكتيب إلى أربع عشرة فكرة رئيسية للسياسات تم ترتيب كل منها في أربع محاور هي:
+ تطوير التوجيه المهني لليافعين.
+ تطوير التوجيه المهني للبالغين.
+ تطوير آلية الحصول على التوجيه المهني.
+ تطوير سياسات وأنظمة التوجيه المهني.
تم العمل في كل فكرة رئيسية للسياسات على النقاط التالية:
= قضايا ومواضيع رئيسية بحاجة إلى الدراسة والمناقشة.
= الأسئلة التي يجب على صناع السياسات أن يأخذوها بالاعتبار بالنسبة لتلك القضايا.
= الخيارات التي يجب أن يعتمدها صناع السياسات لتطوير تلك السياسات.
= بعض الأمثلة عن الاستجابات الفعالة.
تم تحرير هذا الكتيب عام 2004 من قبل كل من /ريتشارد سويت Richard Sweet/ من OCED و /جون مكارثي John McCarthy/ من المفوضية الأوروبية ، انطلاقاً من أعمال كل من البروفسور /رونالد سلطانة Ronald Sultana/ و البروفسور /طوني واتس Tony Watts/ .
يمثل هذا الكتيب مقالا ً للعاملين في المفوضية الأوروبية.
تم إنجاز الترجمة إلى اللغة العربية من قبل مؤسسة قطر. وتم تحرير النسخة العربية من قبل الدكتور أبو بكر بدوي (مصر).

This handbook is a joint publication of the European Commission and of the OECD. Its aim is to inform policy makers in any country to decide on the most appropriate strategies for policies for career guidance in their countries in the education, employment and community sectors. The main part of the handbook is divided into 14 policy themes, organised in 4 sections:
+ Improving career guidance for young people
+ improving career guidance for adults
+ Improving access to career guidance
+ Improving policies and systems for career guidance.

Each policy theme is addressed as follows:
=Key problems/issues that need to be considered
=Questions that policymakers should ask in addressing those issues
=Options that policymakers can adopt to improve policies
=Some examples of effective responses.

The handbook was co-edited in 2004 by Richard Sweet, OECD, and John McCarthy, European Commission, based on material prepared by Prof Ronald Sultana and Prof Tony Watts. It is a staff working paper of the European Commission.

The Arabic translation of the Handbook was kindly facilitated by the Qatar Foundation. The editing of the Arabic version was kindly undertaken by Dr Aboubakr Badawi (Egypt).

This summary was translated by Dr Neruda Barakat, Skills and Career Centre, Tishreen University, Latakia, Syria.

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Thursday, May 21, 2009
Career Guidance Policies: Global Dynamics, Local Resonances
By iccdppadm @ 6:35 AM :: 16247 Views :: 5 Comments :: :: Career Development, Public Policy, Developing Countries, Co-ordination and Leadership, Africa, Middle East, EU, Palestine: West Bank and Gaza Strip, Egypt

This Occasional Paper, prepared by Prof Ronald Sultana for iCeGS, UK, in 2008, assesses the dynamics of international policy learning (policy lending and policy borrowing), its possible motives, and key mechanisms by which transfers of learning take place. It raises questions regarding the value and limitations of deterritorialised policy exchange, noting that career guidance practice is firmly rooted in a particular complex of values and meanings that are entwined in the social and economic environment of each country and region.

The author draws on his work experiences in Malta, Palestine and Egypt, to illustrate the way transnational and globalised agendas are reconfigured and reinterpreted at the local level.

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Sunday, February 15, 2009
Career guidance in the Mediterranean region - comparative analyses by RG Sultana and AG Watts
By iccdppadm @ 3:37 AM :: 19421 Views :: 18 Comments :: :: Public Policy, Developing Countries, Expanding Access to Guidance, Training and Qualifications, Co-ordination and Leadership, Ensuring Quality, Assessing Effectiveness, Africa, Middle East, European Training Foundation (ETF), Morocco, Turkey, Lebanon, Palestine: West Bank and Gaza Strip, Egypt, Israel, Algeria, Syria, Jordan, Tunisia

An examination of policies for career guidance was one component of a European Union programme (MEDA-ETE) being implemented by the European Training Foundation to support education and training for employment in the Mediterranean region. It involved 10 Mediterranean countries. The research on career guidance policies produced country reports on which this comparative analysis is based. The report covers:

  • the socio-economic context
  • the drivers for change
  • current provision
  • policy issues
  • ways forward.

It also presents country profiles and comparative statistics.

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Friday, January 30, 2009
South African Association for Counselling and Development in Higher Education Newsletter 2008
By iccdppadm @ 5:33 AM :: 11349 Views :: 3 Comments :: :: Developing Countries, Guidance in Tertiary Education, Africa, South Africa
This is the November 2008 Newsletter of the SAACDHE. It highlights the range of professional association activities taking place in higher education across South Africa. Its Guest Column  showcases a traditional African healthcare approach to therapeutic services for students in higher education in South Africa.
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Tuesday, November 04, 2008
Navigational Tools for Learners: An Environmental Scan of the Career Guidance Field in South Africa
By iccdppadm @ 6:09 AM :: 12232 Views :: 0 Comments :: Public Policy, Africa, Expanding Access to Guidance, Co-ordination and Leadership, South Africa

This report has been commissioned by the South Africa Qualifications Authority. It reports on navigational tools available to learners, workers, work-seekers in South Africa and to those helping them construct work and study paths for sustainable and meaningful livelihoods.

The landscape of careers guidance in South Africa comprises many players, diverse and devolved information sources and services, and a policy and personnel infrastructure that suggests the situation of careers guidance has improved over the last few years. However, information exists in ‘thundershower’ initiatives for pockets of people. Changes in education and training make mastering information more complicated.

The key voids in information and guidance provision are: lack of coordination; no comprehensive, national, independent, good-quality, publicly available information; no national strategic policy leadership in the field; no models for systemic careers guidance delivery; paltry funding to outreach organisations; and no public recognition that support and accessibility are intertwined.

Needed are strategic leadership and coordination; comprehensive, national, independent accessible information for all linked to support services; and harnessing new technology to provide innovative services that increase accessibility dramatically. The learner needs to be at the centre of a radical rethink of careers services in a lifelong learning framework to ensure learners have access to navigational tools throughout a lifetime of work and study transitions.  

A cellphone/telephone helpline is recommended and elaborated as a strategic and concrete point of entry to address many of these imperatives. The need for navigational tools is vast and a critical issue of access, redress and the efficiency of the education and labour market systems. SAQA, linked to both the Department of Education (DoE) and the DoL, is ideally placed to lead a partner initiative to set up a helpline for careers information and advice.

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Wednesday, October 15, 2008
Orientacion Profesional: Un Manual de recursos para paises de bajos y medianos ingresos
By iccdppadm @ 2:13 AM :: 14003 Views :: 0 Comments :: Developing Countries, Americas, South Asia, Asia Pacific, Africa, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Co-ordination and Leadership

El doble propósito de este OIT (Oficina Internacional de Trabajo) Manual es: (1) focalizar la atención hacia quienes formulan políticasy administran programas en países de bajos y medianos ingresos (PBMI) sobre los temas básicos de la reforma de los servicios de orientación profesional en dichos países; y (2) brindar a los planificadores y especialistas de los programas a nivel nacional y local una amplia variedad de ejemplos de diferentes países y herramientas prácticas de orientación profesional para emplear como modelos para su posible adaptación y uso. El Manual se divide en dos partes que abordan cada uno de estos objetivos.

La primera parte comienza con una revisión de las tendencias internacionales actuales en materia de orientación profesional en los países de altos ingresos y comenta acerca de la pertinencia de esas tendencias en países de bajos y medianos ingresos. En segundo lugar, se presenta un marco de seis elementos clave que deben considerarse en el desarrollo de un sistema de orientación profesional. Estos elementos son: (1) comprensión del contexto de país; (2) desarrollo de la información profesional; (3) promoción de la elección, búsqueda y mantenimiento del trabajo; (4) organización de la oferta de servicios; (5) desarrollo del personal para apoyar la prestación de servicios; y (6) mejoramiento de la gobernabilidad y la coordinación. En tercer lugar, el Manual integra varias prácticas ilustrativas de países en el debate de cada uno de los seis elementos clave. Estas prácticas también sirven por sí solas como lecciones aplicables en la búsqueda de soluciones en la vida real a los desafíos de las políticas públicas.

La segunda parte del Manual indica sitios web específicos de Internet sobre la orientación profesional. Estos sitios incluyen: (1) un inventario de las herramientas y recursos sobre orientación profesional disponibles en Internet de diversos países de altos, medianos y bajos ingresos; y (2) referencias más generales, tales como las normas de competencia internacionales para especialistas de la orientación profesional y normas para el desarrollo de información profesional. La información sobre orientación profesional y las herramientas para el desarrollo de competencias en Internet han proliferado durante los últimos diez años y la accesibilidad a esta información por parte de un público internacional proporciona una ventana sobre las prácticas actuales a nivel mundial. Se pone particular atención en la inclusión de recursos en uso en la actualidad en los países de bajos y medianos ingresos.

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Wednesday, October 15, 2008
Career Guidance: A Resource Handbook for Low and Middle Income Countries
By iccdppadm @ 1:58 AM :: 12828 Views :: 3 Comments :: :: Developing Countries, Americas, South Asia, Asia Pacific, Africa, Middle East, International Labour Organisation (ILO), Co-ordination and Leadership

The dual purpose of this ILO (International Labour Organisation) Handbook is: (1) to focus the attention of policy-makers and programme administrators in low- and middle-income countries upon the core issues in the reform of career guidance services in those countries; and (2) to provide programme planners and practitioners at the national and local levels with a wide variety of country examples and practical career guidance tools to use as models for possible adaptation and use. The Handbook is divided into two parts to address each of these objectives.

Part I first reviews current international trends in career guidance in high-income countries and comments on the relevance of these trends in low- and middle-income countries. Second, a framework is presented of six key elements to be taken into account in the development of a career guidance system. These elements are: (1) understanding the country context; (2) development of career information; (3) promotion of work choice, search and maintenance skills development; (4) organization of service delivery; (5) staff development to support service delivery; and (6) improvement of governance and coordination. Third, the Handbook integrates a number of illustrative country practices into the discussion of each of the six key elements. These practices also stand on their own as applicable lessons in real-life solutions to public policy challenges.

Part II of the Handbook indicates specific career guidance Internet web sites. These comprise:

(1) an inventory of career guidance tools and resources available on the Internet from a variety of high-, middle- and low-income countries; and (2) more general references, such as international competency standards for career guidance professionals and standards for career information development. Career guidance information and skills development tools on the Internet have proliferated in the last ten years, and the accessibility to this information by an international audience provides a window on current practices worldwide.

Particular attention is given to including resources currently in use in low- and middle-income countries

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Wednesday, October 15, 2008
Public Policies for Career Development: Case Studies and Emerging Issues in Developing and Transition Economies
By iccdppadm @ 1:26 AM :: 15454 Views :: 2 Comments :: :: Public Policy, Europe, Americas, South Asia, Africa, World Bank, Co-ordination and Leadership, Chile, Philippines, Russia, South Africa, Turkey

This report summarize the findings of seven case-studies of public policy in career guidance carried out in Chile, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Africa and Turkey. The objectives of this World Bank study were: to identify and describe the distinctive issues faced by developing and transition economies in forming effective policies in career guidance and counseling; to identify emerging examples of best practice, and suggest how such countries can form more effective policies and programs in this field; and to assist the World Bank and other development agencies in determining how they can best assist such efforts.  World Bank client countries are often faced with distinctive issues. These include limited public resources, high unemployment and poverty, large informal economies, need for community capacity building, and at times specific family and cultural factors which may have a major impact on career decision-making.


Current career guidance provision in the seven case-study countries is reviewed in terms of five main sectors: schools; tertiary education; public employment services; employer-based services; and the private and voluntary sectors. This provision reflects a traditional policy rationale in which career guidance is viewed in somewhat institutional and reactive terms, as a measure designed to lubricate the operation of the education system and its relationship to the labor market, and to combat such phenomena as unemployment or mismatch.


There are however signs of a more dynamic and proactive policy rationale emerging in middle-income countries, as is the case in developed countries. Career guidance is increasingly viewed as an integral part of a human resource development strategy designed to harness technological and economic change and enable the country to compete effectively in global markets. Under this view, career guidance has an important role to play in encouraging all individuals, including youth and adults, to engage in career planning and learning throughout life, so enabling them to respond more flexibly to the opportunities offered by a dynamic labor market. This view is supported by changing concepts of career development. It requires extending access to career guidance services, constructing more of these services on a self-help basis, strengthening career and educational information resources, and improving staffing in a more differentiated form.

Based on this analysis of the case-studies, four general conclusions are reached to assist middle-income countries in developing services. First, provision of services needs to be viewed as a coherent system, with multiple stakeholders developing different elements of service delivery. Second, governments have a key role in developing the services, but should not be viewed as sole providers. Third, restrictions on public resources require priorities to be established: these include an initial focus on improving career and educational information, followed by investing in self-help services, exploiting the use of information and communications technology, improving staff training, and developing incentives to encourage the private and NGO sectors to develop and deliver services. Finally, an evidence base of client demand, service cost, and service impact needs to be developed to defend investments.

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Tuesday, August 19, 2008
Career Guidance, Migration, Labour Market Efficiency, and the Quality of Vocational Training: Is there a link?
By iccdppadm @ 7:08 AM :: 16525 Views :: 27 Comments :: :: Public Policy, Developing Countries, Europe, Africa, Middle East
This is the presentation of Dr Aboubakr Abdeen Badawi of Eygpt made at the CSEND Dialogue Forum in Geneva, July 2008.

The presentation explored how career guidance can support education, training and employment policies that address the  the hot economic and social issues faced by Middle East and North African (MENA ) and European countries. The objectives of the presentation were to:

􀂃 Shed light on Career Guidance’s links with Human Resource Development

(HRD) issues in the Middle Eastern and North African region (MENA);

􀂃 Discuss the possible role of career guidance in supporting development

strategies in the MENA region;

􀂃 Define a forward looking role of MENA governments in introducing career



Identify possible support for such developmental objectives
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